two minerals legitimately called Jade, Nephrite
Jade and Jadeite,
countries and nationalities call any and all opaque or translucent
green stone “Jade”.
Nephrite is derived from the Greek word nephros meaning
kidney and Jade from the Spanish word ijada
in the side because the Spanish believed this mineral cured kidney
artefacts of ceremonial nature ranging from indoor decorative items to
jade burial suits, ceremonial axes, bridal carriages and jewellery have
been unearthed from prehistoric and historic China, European countries,
New Zealand, British Columbia, Mexico and South America.
Maia C via Flickr.com
Nephrite Jade’s structure is composed of interwoven, fibrous crystals
making it very tough, therefore it is not carved, but ground into shape
British Columbia Jade is considered extremely fine quality, while
Australian Black Jade is a collector’s mineral.
Nephrite Jade occurs in a range of colours from translucent white to
light yellow, opaque white to light brown, grey, and black as well as
many shades of green.
Nephrite Jade forms in mass (stones & boulders).
(commonly called Jade) in pure form is white, but the most popular and
sought after colours are bright apple-green, lavenders and violets,
with pink, orange, brown and black also in great demand.
By opacity via Flickr.com
The Chinese claim Jadeite as their own, but this translucent stone was
imported from Burma to China only after about 1800.
Burmese Jade (Jadeite) is well known as being the finest quality
Jadeite in the world for depth of colour, intensity, charity and
translucency which all affect the price.
By Blek via Flickr.com
True Jadeite is found in Burma, California, Guatemala, Russia, Japan,
Hawaii, and Switzerland. Jadeite forms in mass (stones and boulders).