In addition to mineral
characteristics, there are some mineral properties that you can use in
the identification process.
is a very common way to identify many carbonate minerals. Carbonites
like calcite, dolomite, azurite, malachite and others react to HCl.
Drop a few drops on
the mineral surface and it starts bubbling. There
are also other kinds of minerals that react to other
have a magnet
in your home
kit to test a mineral's magnetism.
magnetic minerals are the ones that contain a fair bit of iron.
Magnetite is the most magnetic mineral after iron. Hematite is weakly
The magnetic mineral magnetite.
Some minerals are
than others. Gold, silver and copper are obviously very good
conductors, while non-metallic minerals are not good conductors.
minerals are radioactive.
Uranium is of course radioactive, but others
that can be just weakly radioactive are zircon, amphiboles, micas,
K-feldspars, feldspathoids, aragonite and calcite.
Sodalite - a fluorescent mineral. By jeff-o-matic via
minerals are easiest to identify in a dark room under an ultra-violet
light, when they emit fluorescence. Such minerals are for example
fluorite, scheelite, adamite, benitoite and franklinite.